Judges and Magistrate |

Judges and Magistrate

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Judges are not actually the same as Magistrates, whose forces are moderately not exactly a Judge. The purview of a magistrate is commonly a region or a town. In this article portion, you can discover the contrast between magistrate and judge. 

Meaning of Magistrate 

Magistrate implies a minor legal official, who controls the law in a specific zone, for example, region or town. He/She is somebody who hears the common or criminal cases and condemns. The sorts of magistrates are: 

Judicial Magistrate: After discussion with the High Court, the State Government may inform the quantity of courts of legal magistrates of the top-notch and below average in each area. The legal magistrate is subordinate to the Chief Judicial Magistrate and administered by the Session Judge. 

First Class Judicial Magistrate is permitted to pass a sentence of detainment for a limit of 3 years or fine up to Rs. 5000 or both. Below average Judicial Magistrate is known as the court of least level and can pass sentence for the limit of 1 year or fine up to Rs. 5000 or both. 

Chief Judicial Magistrate: A top of the line legal magistrate is named as the boss legal magistrate by the high court in each region. The boss legal magistrate is subordinate to and constrained by the session judge. They have the ability to force any fine or sentence of detainment, not over seven years. 

Metropolitan Magistrate: The towns with a populace more than one million are considered as metropolitan territories and magistrates delegated for such regions are called Metropolitan Magistrate. The Metropolitan magistrate report to the session judge and is subordinate to the central metropolitan magistrate. 

Executive Magistrate:  according to the prudence of the State Government official magistrates are delegated in a region. Of these official magistrates, one is named as District Magistrate and one as Additional District Magistrate. 

Meaning of Judge 

The general significance of a judge is the person who makes a judgment. In law, a judge is depicted as a legal official who controls court procedures and is chosen to hear and give a judgment on the legitimate cases thinking about different certainties and subtleties of the case. Contingent upon the purview, the power, capacities, and arrangement technique for the judges change. 

A judge rules, either alone or with a board of judges, in light of the inquiries of law. He/She assumes the job of a referee between the challenging gatherings and articulates judgment in the preliminary in the wake of considering the observers, realities and proof introduced by the indictment and barrier legal counselors and contentions of the case. 

The President of India names the judges of the incomparable court, and the President chooses the judges of the High Court in the wake of examining with Chief Justice of India and Governor of the individual state. 

Area Judges are named by the Governor subsequent to counseling with the High Court of the said state. Session Judge is named by the High Court for each session division and has the ability to force the death penalty in a claim. 

Key Differences Between Magistrate and Judge 

The contrasts among magistrate and judge can be drawn unmistakably on the accompanying premises: 

A judge can be depicted as an individual who referees, for example, the person who gives the decision on somebody or a case in the courtroom. Actually, a magistrate is a territorial legal official who is chosen by the judges of the high court of the concerned state to keep up peace in a specific territory or area. 

A magistrate pass on judgment on little and minor cases. In reality, a magistrate gives the primer decision in criminal cases. As against this, the judge takes care of genuine and complex cases, in which learning of the law and individual judgment capacity is exceptionally required. 

The locale secured by a magistrate is similarly littler than the purview of a judge. 

The legal magistrate and boss legal magistrate are designated by high court while Governor names District Magistrate. On the other hand, President delegates the judge of the Supreme Court while high court judges are named by President in discussion with the central equity of India and Governor of the specific state. 

The magistrate could possibly have legitimate capability, though a judge so named must have lawful capabilities, just as he/she should be a rehearsing legal advisor in the courtroom. 

The magistrate has the ability to give the sentence of detainment for a specific term and fine. Dissimilar to judges have the ability to pass sentence of life detainment and even demise in genuine offenses. 


A judge is somebody, who has the basic leadership control in the law court, on a specific matter. The decision made by the judge of the incomparable court is conclusive and no further intrigue can be made. Then again, the magistrate is increasingly similar to a chairman who cares for the lawfulness of the specific region.

November 24, 2016

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