Jawaharlal Nehru

Jawaharlal Nehru

Jawaharlal Nehru (1889-1964) was a key figure in the Indian independence movement and the first Prime Minister of independent India. Born on November 14, 1889, in Allahabad, Nehru hailed from a distinguished family, with his father, Motilal Nehru, being a prominent lawyer and a leader in the Indian National Congress.

Nehru's political journey began in the early 20th century when he became actively involved in the struggle for India's independence from British rule. He played a crucial role in the Indian National Congress and became one of the principal leaders of the freedom movement.

Jawaharlal Nehru's vision for a modern, secular, and democratic India made him a natural choice for leadership after India gained independence in 1947. He became the country's first Prime Minister and held the position for seventeen consecutive years, from 1947 until his death in 1964.

Nehru's tenure as Prime Minister was marked by significant efforts to shape the newly independent nation. He emphasized economic and industrial development, implementing policies to build a mixed economy and laying the foundation for institutions like the Planning Commission. Nehru also championed education and scientific research, believing in the importance of fostering a scientific temperament among the youth.

As a statesman, Nehru played a crucial role in shaping India's foreign policy, advocating for non-alignment during the Cold War and promoting peace and cooperation among nations. His leadership was pivotal in the formation of the Non-Aligned Movement, a group of nations that did not align with either of the superpower blocs.

Jawaharlal Nehru's influence extended beyond politics; he was also a prolific writer and orator. His book "Discovery of India" is a widely acclaimed work that provides an overview of India's history, culture, and philosophy.

Nehru's death on May 27, 1964, marked the end of an era in Indian politics. Despite subsequent changes in leadership and political ideologies, Nehru's contributions to India's nation-building and his role as a statesman continue to be acknowledged and remembered in the country's history.