UPSC was formed on 01st Oct, 1926. It was later reconstituted as Federal Public Service Commission by the Government of India Act 1935; only to be renamed as today's Union Public Service Commission after the independence. It has its headquarters in Dholpur House, Shahjahan Road, New Delhi.

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is a constitutional body of India that conducts direct recruitment of officers to the All India Services and the Central Civil Services (Group A and B) through examinations and appoints officers in various Services under the Government of India.

It shall also assist two or more States, if requested so, in framing and operating schemes of joint recruitment for any services.

The Union Public Service Commission shall be consulted on all matters relating to:

● methods of recruitment to civil services and for civil posts

● making appointments to civil services and posts

● making promotions and transfers from one service to another

● the suitability of candidates for such appointments, promotions or transfers

● on all disciplinary matters against a civil servant serving in a civil capacity, including memorials or petitions relating to such matters.

● on any claim by or in respect of a person who is serving or has served in a civil capacity, that any costs incurred in defending legal proceedings instituted against him in respect of acts done or purporting to be done in the execution of their duty should be paid out of the Consolidated Fund of India.

● on any claim for the award of a pension in respect of injuries sustained by a person while serving in a civil capacity, and any question as to the amount of such award.