International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression celebrated on June 4

• Celebrated every year on June 4, the International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression highlights the plight of children who suffer from violence and conflict.

• This day was established by the United Nations on August 19, 1982, to raise awareness about the pain and suffering faced by child victims of aggression.

• The day aims to spread awareness about the challenges and traumas endured by children who are victims of aggression and conflict.

• UN Report Findings: According to the UN Secretary-General's Annual Report on Children and Armed Conflict, over 8,630 children were killed or maimed in 2022 alone.

• In 2022, 7,622 children were recruited or used in armed conflicts.

• The report documented 3,985 children being abducted.

• Sexual Violence: There were 1,166 cases of children being victims of sexual violence.

• The report also noted 3,931 incidents of denial of humanitarian access to children.

• This observance underscores the global commitment to protecting children from the horrors of war and aggression, ensuring their rights and well-being are safeguarded.


Supreme Court Reconstitutes Gender Sensitisation and Internal Complaints Committee

• The Supreme Court of India has reconstituted its Gender Sensitisation and Internal Complaints Committee, with Justice Hima Kohli appointed as Chairperson and Justice BV Nagarathna as a Member.

• This reconstitution, initiated by the Chief Justice of India, adheres to the Gender Sensitisation and Sexual Harassment regulations of 2013, ensuring proper representation and compliance.

• Key details of the committee are as follows:

 Leadership: Justice Hima Kohli (Chairperson) and Justice BV Nagarathna (Member).

 Committee Members: The committee comprises members from various legal bodies and professionals nominated by the Chief Justice, including Shruti Pandey, Jaideep Gupta, Dr. Leni Chaudhuri, and Dr. Menaka Guruswamy.

 Objective: The reconstituted committee reflects a comprehensive approach to addressing issues of gender sensitisation and harassment within the judiciary.

• This move underscores the Supreme Court's commitment to fostering a safe and equitable environment, ensuring that gender sensitisation and harassment issues are effectively managed and resolved.


NDA got absolute majority, BJP emerges as the largest party with 240 seats.

• In the 2024 Lok Sabha elections, the BJP-led NDA secured an absolute majority with a total of 292 seats, including 240 won by the BJP alone, making it the largest party.

• The I.N.D.I.A block secured 233 seats, while other parties won 18 seats.

• Prominent winners include Prime Minister Narendra Modi (Varanasi), Union Minister Amit Shah (Gandhinagar), Om Birla (Kota), Arjun Ram Meghwal (Bikaner), Gajendra Singh Shekhawat (Jodhpur), and Jyotiraditya M. Scindia (Guna).

• In Uttar Pradesh, out of 80 constituencies, the Samajwadi Party won 37 seats, the BJP 33, Congress six, and Rashtriya Lok Dal two.

• Notably, Pushpendra Saroj of the Samajwadi Party won the Kaushambi seat, becoming India's youngest MP.


Netherlands emerged as India's 3rd largest export destination in 2023-24.

• 2023-24, the Netherlands became India's third-largest export destination, following the US and UAE.

• Key exports to the Netherlands included petroleum products ($14.29 billion), electrical goods, chemicals, and pharmaceuticals.

• India's trade surplus with the Netherlands rose significantly, reaching $17.4 billion from $13 billion in the previous fiscal year.

• This growth allowed the Netherlands to surpass traditional export markets for India such as the UK, Hong Kong, Bangladesh, and Germany.

• India's exports to the Netherlands saw an increase of approximately 3.5%, growing from $21.61 billion in 2022-23 to $22.36 billion in 2023-24.

• Previously, in 2021-22, the Netherlands ranked as the fifth-largest destination for Indian exports.

• Diplomatic relations between India and the Netherlands were established in 1947.


The National Archives of India launched its first overseas project, "The Oman Collection," in Oman

• The National Archives of India has introduced "The Oman Collection," its inaugural international project, aimed at digitizing and preserving documents of the Indian diaspora in Oman.

• This initiative has digitized over 7,000 historical documents, dating back to 1838 and in various languages, showcasing the rich heritage and contributions of the Indian community in Oman.

• This project underscores the collaborative efforts between India and Oman in preserving historical records, enhancing bilateral relations, and making these invaluable resources accessible to future generations.