Mumbai is set to become India's first tri-service common defense station.

• Mumbai is being established by the armed forces as the country's first "tri-service common defense station" for the Army, Navy, and Indian Air Force (IAF).

• The aim of the move is to promote unity among the three services ahead of the establishment of a unified theater command.

• Currently, the senior military hierarchy is discussing the matter, and an announcement is expected shortly.

• Currently, India has no common defense stations.

• In 2001, Andaman and Nicobar Command was established as a full-fledged tri-service command.

• Last year, additional initiatives such as inter-service postings were implemented to promote cooperation between the services.

• All Army, Navy, and IAF facilities, including logistics, infrastructure, repair, and maintenance, as well as stores and supplies, will be consolidated into a single defense station, allowing their optimum operation under a single lead service.


Kamal Kishore has been appointed as Special Representative for Disaster Risk Reduction by the UN Secretary-General.

• UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has appointed a top official from India's National Disaster Management Authority as his Special Representative for Disaster Risk Reduction.

• Kamal Kishore has been appointed as the Assistant Secretary-General and Special Representative of the Secretary-General of the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR).

• In the current position at the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), Kishore holds the rank of secretary to the government of India.

• He succeeded Mami Mizutori of Japan at UNDRR.

• As part of India's G20 presidency, Kishor led the G20 Working Group on Disaster Risk Reduction.

• He also contributed to the development of the Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi at the Climate Action Summit in 2019.

• Established in 1999, the UNDRR was created to ensure the implementation of the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction. It is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.


Tripura's Matabari Pera and Pachra got a coveted GI tag.

• On March 31, Tripura Chief Minister Manik Saha informed that two commodities from the state have earned the coveted Geographical Indication (GI) tag.

• The two items that have received the tag include the first one is Matabari Pera, a dairy-based sweet item traditionally served as prasad at the Tripurasundari temple in Gomti district.

• The second one is Pachra, a handwoven cloth used by the state’s Indigenous communities.

• In March 2023, Matabari Mahila Cluster Level Bhumukhi Sambaya Samiti Ltd had applied for a GI tag for Matabari Pera, while Dewanbari Mahila Cluster Bhumukhi Sambaya Samiti Ltd had made a similar application for Pachara or Rignai cloth.

• According to the 1921 census, there were 34,356 tribal families in Tripura while the number of weavers was 34,485.

• However, the Industrial Survey Report of 1955–56 stated that the total number of weavers was only 15,000.

• Experts believe that the GI tag is expected to give a boost to the dwindling number of traditional weavers and encourage a rich art form.

• A year ago, Tripura's iconic Queen Pineapple received the GI tag among 13 other products from the Northeast.

• 60 products from across India, including the famous Banaras Thandai, have been given the Geographical Indication (GI) tag.


UNESCO added 18 sites to the Global Geoparks network.

• UNESCO’s Executive Board has decided to add 18 sites to the Global Geoparks network.

• The total number of Geoparks reached 213 in 48 countries.

• The new geoparks are situated in Brazil, China, Croatia, Denmark, Finland, France, Greece, Hungary, Poland, Portugal, and Spain.

• Geoparks serve local communities by combining the conservation of their significant geological heritage with public outreach and a sustainable approach to development.

• The UNESCO Global Geopark designation was formed in 2015. It recognizes geological heritage of international significance.

• Two UNESCO Member States are joining the network for the first time: New Zealand and the Philippines.


An International Labour Organization (ILO) report on India's labor market

• An International Labour Organization (ILO) report on India's labor market revealed that the unemployment rate for graduates was 29.1%.

• This was about nine times higher than the 3.4% rate for people who are illiterate.

• The ILO reported that young individuals in India who have completed higher education have a greater unemployment rate than those who have not completed any education.

• Young people with a secondary or higher education had an unemployment rate of 18.4%. This rate was six times higher.

• According to the ILO, youth unemployment in India was mostly a concern for those with a secondary education or above.

• The ILO stated that youth unemployment rates in India are currently higher than the global levels.

• According to the ILO, "the high and rising unemployment rate is a reflection of the Indian economy's inability to create enough remunerative jobs in the non-farm sectors for new educated youth labor force entrants."

• In China, the unemployment rate for youth (16–24 years old) increased to 15.3% in the year’s first two months.

• This was around three times greater than the urban population's 5.3% rate.

• The percentage of young Indians without jobs between the ages of 15 and 29 fell from 88.6% in 2000 to 82.9% in 2022.

• The ILO data indicate that from 2000-2022, the percentage of young people with an education increased to 65.7% from 54.2%.

• According to ILO statistics, women made up 76.7% of young people without jobs who had completed their education, compared to men's 62.2%.

• Additionally, there was more unemployment in urban than rural areas.

• According to the ILO, India has one of the lowest percentages of female labor force participation in the world, at roughly 25%.