UN Security Council has demanded an immediate ceasefire in Gaza

• For the first time, the UN Security Council has demanded an immediate ceasefire in Gaza.

• On 25 March, an immediate ceasefire between Israel and Palestinian militants Hamas and the immediate and unconditional release of all hostages demanded by the United Nations Security Council.

• After the United States abstained from the vote, the remaining 14 council members voted for the resolution, which was proposed by the 10 elected members of the body.

• Washington had previously been against a ceasefire in the nearly six-month-old war in the Gaza Strip.

• It used its veto power to protect US ally Israel as it retaliated against Hamas for an October 7 attack that Israel says killed 1,200 people.

• But amid growing global pressure for a ceasefire in the war, which has killed more than 32,000 Palestinians, the US abstained from the vote on March 25.

• This allowed the Security Council to demand an immediate ceasefire for the Muslim fasting month of Ramadan, which ends in two weeks.

• The Security Council resolution "emphasizes the urgent need to strengthen the protection of civilians throughout the Gaza Strip and increase the flow of humanitarian assistance."


India, Brazil hold first '2+2' defence and foreign ministerial dialogue

• India and Brazil convened their first-ever '2+2' Defence and Foreign Ministerial Dialogue, marking a milestone in their strategic partnership.

• The dialogue aims to enhance collaboration in key areas including energy, technology, and counter-terrorism, underscoring the significance of cooperation in these domains.

• Led by officials from both nations, the dialogue involved participation from defence and foreign ministers, alongside their counterparts, addressing strategic and security concerns to strengthen bilateral ties.


IMT TRILAT exercise

• INS Tir and INS Sujatha will participate in the upcoming second edition of the India – Mozambique – Tanzania (IMT) Trilateral (Trilat) exercise. It is a joint maritime exercise taking place from 21-29 Mar 24.

• The first exercise of IMT Trilat took place on October 22, in which INS Tarkash had participation with the navies of Tanzania and Mozambique.

• The current version of the exercise is planned in two phases.

• As part of the harbour phase scheduled from 21-24 Mar 24, naval ships Tir and Sujata will engage with respective navies at the ports of Zanzibar in Tanzania and Maputo in Mozambique.

• This phase will begin with a planning conference followed by joint harbour training activities such as damage control, firefighting, visit board search and seizure procedures, medical lectures, disaster evacuation and diving operations.

• The sea phase of the exercise will take place on 24-27 Mar 24, covering practical aspects of counter threats, visit board search and seizure procedures, boat operations, maneuvers and firing exercises.

Zero orbital debris mission accomplished by ISRO's POEM-3 mission.

• On March 25, ISRO said it achieved another milestone as the PSLV Orbital Experimental Module-3 (POEM-3) met its fiery end via re-entry into the Earth's atmosphere.

• On March 21, 2024, this milestone was achieved and the PSLV-C58/XPoSat mission has left practically zero debris in orbit.

• PSLV-C58 mission was completed on January 1, 2024.

• After completing the primary mission of placing all the satellites in their desired orbits, the terminal stage of PSLV was changed to a 3-axis stabilized platform, POEM-3.

• The stage was de-orbited from 650 km to 350 km, facilitating its early re-entry, and decommissioned to remove residual propellants to reduce any accidental break-up risk.

• With a total of 9 different experimental payloads, POEM-3 was configured to conduct technology demonstration and scientific experiments on newly developed indigenous systems.