World No Tobacco Day observed annually on May 31st.

 World No Tobacco Day, also known as Anti-Tobacco Day, is observed annually on May 31 to raise awareness about the potential risks associated with tobacco use.

 The 2024 theme is, "Protecting children from tobacco industry interference," carries immense significance in the fight against tobacco use.

 The primary goal of this day is to draw global attention to the tobacco epidemic and the preventable illnesses and deaths it causes.

 The World Health Assembly established World No Tobacco Day by passing a resolution in 1987.

 Tobacco contains nicotine, which leads to cardiovascular and respiratory diseases.


Donald Trump Convicted of Criminal Charges

 Donald Trump has become the first former U.S. President to be convicted of a crime.

 A New York jury found Trump guilty on all 34 counts related to a scheme involving hush money payments to a porn actor, aimed at illegally influencing the 2016 election.

 Trump is expected to appeal the verdict promptly.

 This conviction does not prevent Trump from running in the upcoming presidential election.

 Trump faces both federal and state charges for allegedly conspiring to overturn the results of the 2020 election, which was won by Joe Biden.


South Korea Establishes First Space Agency

 South Korea has launched its first space agency, the Korea Aerospace Administration (KASA), which will spearhead the nation’s “space economy.”

 The country has ambitious plans to land on Mars by 2045 and intends to invest 100 trillion won ($72.6 billion) in space exploration by then, as stated by President Yoon Suk Yeol.

 Aiming for 2032, South Korea plans to deploy its first lunar lander.

 In May 2023, the successful launch of the Nuri rocket marked South Korea as the seventh nation with its own space launch vehicle and satellite development technology.

 By 2027, South Korea plans to conduct at least three more space launches, including the deployment of military satellites.

 Meanwhile, North Korea attempted a rocket launch on May 27, 2024, but failed to place its second military spy satellite into orbit.

 In January, Japan became the fifth nation to send a lander to the moon.

 Last year, India successfully became the fourth country to land on the moon.


Rajasthan High Court Calls for Heat Wave to be Declared a National Calamity

 Justice Anoop Kumar Dhand of the Rajasthan High Court has urged that heat and cold waves be classified as national disasters.

 The single-judge bench has directed the state government to provide compensation to the families of those who have died due to heatwaves.

 The court has also instructed the state government to formulate a 'Heat Action Plan' for Rajasthan.

 The chief secretary of Rajasthan has been directed to establish committees across various departments to implement this plan.

 However, the court acknowledged that accurately estimating the death toll from heatwaves remains a significant challenge.

 Heat waves are periods of unusually high temperatures as compared to what is normally expected in a region.